First Aid For Burns

Fire Safety is an important issue that everyone needs to be aware of. At the Service, we regularly discuss fire safety with the children and carry out physical activities such as our Emergency Evacuation Drill to make Educators and children comfortable and confident on how to respond in an emergency. Follow the link for the information sheet that discusses ways to make your home safe.

With additional risk around the home this time of year, below is directions on how to treat burns.

First aid for burns

If you’re not sure how severe a burn is, contact a doctor, hospital or medical Centre immediately.

Otherwise, take the following first aid steps:

  • Make sure the area is safe, and that there’s no further risk of injury. Take the child to a safe place if possible.

  • Take off the child’s clothing immediately, but only if it’s not stuck to the skin. Remove any watches or jewellery the child is wearing, but only if you can do it without causing any more pain or injury.

  • Treat the burn with water only. Cool the burned area under running water for 20 minutes. This will reduce tissue damage and pain. This is useful for up to three hours after the burn.

  • Hold the child to provide comfort.

  • Cover the burn with a loose, light, non-sticky dressing, such as plastic wrap or a clean, wet cloth.

  • Raise burned limbs.

Call an ambulance if:

  • The burn is to the face, airway, hands or genitals

  • The burn is larger than the size of the child’s hand

Definitely go to a doctor, hospital or Medical Centre if:

  • The burn or scald is the size of a 20-cent piece or larger

  • The burn is deep, even if the child doesn’t feel any pain

  • The burn looks raw, angry or blistered

  • The pain persists or is severe

  • You’re not sure how bad the burn is

Things not to do with burns:

  • Don’t peel off any clothing that’s stuck to the burn. Don’t break any blisters.

  • Don’t apply ice, iced water, lotions, moisturisers, oil, ointments, creams or powders to the burn. These will only need to be removed to treat the burn properly. (Butter or flour can make the damage worse)

  • If the burn is large, don’t cool it for longer than 20 minutes. This is because hypothermia can happen quickly in children.

Ref: Raising Children Network